Engelsk – Great Britain

Lastet opp i kategorien Engelsk den 04.02.2012

 

The Victorian Age (1837-1901)

- For 63 yearsVictoria, at 18 years, remained Queen of Britain after 1837. (Until 1901)

-CrystalPalace,RoyalAlbertMuseum, theScienceMuseumand the Geological Museum

- The Queen proclaimed the Empress of India in 1877.India-the “brightest jewel”

- The V. Age – social improvement at home. Parliament taking care of the less rich society

 

World War 1 (1914-1918)

-         Britainentered August 1914 on the winning side

-          WW shatteredBritain-> about 750’000 soldiers died. Ships were sunk too

-          Economical needs

 

World War 2 (1939-1945)

-          3. sepBritaindeclared war againstGermany

-          British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the peak

-         GermanydefeatedFranceleavingBritainalone

-          The war had cost 360’000 British live,Londonand other cities were totally bombed out

-          Economy again was shattered andBritainlost its international supremacy toUSAand SU. In 1945 they were the super-powers, andBritainwas not included

 

British Welfare

-          With the country’s economy still in shambles the plan of a welfare state came up

-          This “welfare state” became a model to other countries

-          Margaret Thatcher became PM in 1979

-          PM launched a policy of drastic cuts in public spending.(accused for ruining the W.S.)

-          The British welfare has not been as generous as it once was after the 1980’s regime

 

Loosing an Empire

-          After WW2 colonies in Africa andAsiagot out of control and independent

-          1947 – >India and Pakistan, independent within the Commonwealth

-          Colonies fell from 50s to 60s and in the en of 1960s the Empire was clearly gone

-          Hong Kong was also handed back toChinain 1997

-          In the 20th century only Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands remained, with a number of small islands andBritain’s holdings   inAntarctica

-          N. Ireland has belonged toBritainsince 1922 and still remains

-          British almost let the colonies go without any fights

-         CanadaandAustraliahave chosen to retain the British Queen as their head of state

-          1973, EU member, still have not given up the pound

 

Multicultural Britain

-         Britainalso needed extra labour to rebuild the country

-          In the 1950s immigrants arrived from the colonies and ex-colonies

-          Afro-Caribbeans already spoke English, and they were large in number

-          The immigrants settled down inLondonand other cities and did work British workers were not interested in

-           1960s and the early 1970s a large number came fromPakistan,India,BangladeshandSri Lanka

-          Their arrival was seen by scepticism because of religion and language

-          Immigrants fromAsiapicked up low-paying jobs

-          Immigration from theThird Worldhas been restricted now

-         Eastern Europeis still immigrating because of EU

 

Europe or the USA?

-          Since WW2 Britain is torn between Europe, USA and the Commonwealth

-          PM Tony Blair has followed Americans in several int. conflicts

-          After 9.11Britainhas supported the “War on Terror”

-          Troops has participated inAfghanistanand the war inIraq


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